The thyroid gland and its effects on pregnancy

The thyroid gland and its effects on pregnancy

The thyroid gland, a small but enormously important organ, plays a crucial role in controlling various body functions through hormones. A solid thyroid function is of great importance, particularly when it comes to pregnancy and fertility.

The role of the thyroid gland in the body

The thyroid gland significantly regulates energy balance and metabolism. Problems with its function can not only affect the menstrual cycle, but also increase the risk of unfulfilled fertility and miscarriages.

Hyper- and Hypo-Thyroidism - An Overactive and Underactive hormone production

Thyroid disorders are divided into overrfunction and underfuntion. Overfunction can cause nervousness, weight loss, and heart palpitations, while an underactive thyroid gland can cause fatigue, weight gain, and sensitivity to cold. Both conditions influence the chances of a successful pregnancy negatively.

Diagnosis of thyroid function

To diagnose thyroid problems, blood tests are done to measure hormone levels, particularly thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). An abnormal TSH level may indicate a functional disorder and requires further clarification, possibly through further blood tests or an ultrasound examination of the thyroid gland.

Treatment of functional disorders

The good news is that thyroid problems are usually highly treatable. For example, hyperfunction can be treated with medications that reduce hormone production, while hypofunction requires thyroid hormone supplements. The right dosage is critical, and regular checks are necessary to find the best medications and dosages. It is important to emphasize that therapy should begin before pregnancy to create optimal conditions for a successful pregnancy.

Timely identification and appropriate treatment of thyroid problems are therefore crucial to maximize the chances of a healthy pregnancy.

Written by
Professor Ruben Kuon
Professor Ruben Kuon

I am a professor and specialist in gynecology and obstetrics with a focus on gynecological endocrinology and reproductive medicine.