Nutrition and fertility

Nutrition and fertility

The Role of a Balanced Diet

A balanced diet plays a significant role in preparing for pregnancy. Although it is difficult to make concrete statements due to limited comparability and conclusions from existing studies, certain dietary guidelines can serve as a guide.

The consumption of fruit and vegetables, the use of whole grains, fiber and a diet based on Mediterranean cuisine are positive for fertility. On the other hand, saturated fatty acids and the consumption of sweet (sugar!) lemonades have a negative effect.

Studies show evidence that this diet may also have a positive effect on sperm quality.

Micronutrients and Vitamins for Fertility

Folic acid: Folic acid is an extremely important vitamin for the desire to have children. It is recommended that you start taking folic acid at least 4 weeks before a possible pregnancy, i.e. before you become pregnant.

Vitamin C: Vitamin C, a powerful antioxidant, can improve the quality of eggs and sperm. Eating a balanced diet with foods such as citrus fruits, strawberries, peppers, and broccoli helps support fertility.

Vitamin D: Vitamin D, essential for hormone balance, the cardiovascular system and the immune system. Sunlight is required for its production. Supplementation, particularly during periods of only few sunny hours, could be considered for women with recurring pregnancy losses.

Vitamin E: Vitamin E, an antioxidant, is found in vegetable oils and nuts. Whether an additional intake promotes fertility remains unclear based on the available studies.

Omega-3 fatty acids: Fatty fish, nuts and seeds provide omega-3 fatty acids, which can have a positive effect on pregnancy rates and embryonic development.

Coenzymes Q10: This antioxidant, found in foods such as meat, fish and vegetabels, has potential positive effects on the number of oocytes obtained and the fertilization rate during IVF/ICSI therapy.

Important: To avoid an overdose of vitamins, you should discuss the use of vitamin supplements with your gynecologist.

Written by
Professor Ruben Kuon
Professor Ruben Kuon

I am a professor and specialist in gynecology and obstetrics with a focus on gynecological endocrinology and reproductive medicine.